Single vs double quotes in PHP

PHP Strings

Single quoted strings

  • Will display things almost completely as is.

  • Variables and most escape sequences will not be interpreted.

  • The exception is that to display a literal single quote, you can escape it with a back slash \',and to display a back slash, you can escape it with another backslash \\.


echo '$variable';



Double quote strings

  • Will display a host of escaped characters (including some regexes), and variables in the strings will be evaluated.

  • An important point here is that you can use curly braces to isolate the name of the variable you want evaluated.


$variable = 10;

echo $variable;




  • Works like double quoted strings.

  • It starts with <<<.

  • After this operator, an identifier is provided, then a newline. The string itself follows, and then the same identifier again to close the quotation.

  • You don’t need to escape quotes in this syntax.

Nowdoc (since PHP 5.3.0)

  • Works essentially like single quoted strings.

  • The difference is that not even single quotes or backslashes have to be escaped.

  • A nowdoc is identified with the same <<< sequence used for heredocs, but the identifier which follows is enclosed in single quotes, e.g. <<<'EOT'. No parsing is done in nowdoc.


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